Intellectual Property Rights in Romania What Businesses Need to Know

As global commerce continues to expand, protecting intellectual property (IP) is increasingly important for business success, particularly in Romania where European Union membership has opened up numerous opportunities for both local and international businesses. Understanding Romanian IP law is essential for any business aiming to secure and capitalize on its intellectual assets.

Overview of Intellectual Property Rights in Romania

Romania adheres to European standards and regulations regarding intellectual property, offering robust mechanisms for the protection of inventions, designs, trademarks, and copyrights. The country participates in major international IP treaties, including those governed by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), and follows regulations set forth by the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO).

Intellectual property rights in Romania cover several key areas:

  1. Trademarks – Businesses can protect their brand identities by registering trademarks at the Romanian State Office for Inventions and Trademarks (OSIM). This registration grants the holder exclusive rights to use the mark in Romania, preventing others from exploiting similar signs or leveraging the brand’s reputation.
  2. Patents – Essential for safeguarding new inventions, patents are granted for innovations that are novel, involve an inventive step, and are applicable industrially. Managed through OSIM, patents provide protection for 20 years, requiring annual fees to maintain their validity.
  3. Designs – Registration of designs protects the aesthetic aspects of products, preventing others from utilizing similar designs for up to 25 years. This protection covers the appearance of the entire or part of a product, provided it is new and has individual character.
  4. Copyrights – Romanian copyright law protects literary, artistic, or scientific works from unauthorized use. Copyright protection is automatic upon the creation of the work but a formal registration can serve as solid proof of ownership.
  5. Trade Secrets – Business secrets and know-how are protected under Romanian law through confidentiality agreements and other security measures. The protection of trade secrets persists indefinitely as long as the information remains confidential.

Legal Assistance from Romanian Commercial Lawyers

Handling the complexities of IP law requires specific expertise, particularly for businesses entering the Romanian market. This is where the role of a Romanian commercial lawyer is vital. Legal professionals specialized in IP law can assist in several important ways:

  • Registration of IP Rights: Lawyers can manage the filing and maintenance of IP registrations, ensuring all legal requirements are fulfilled and that applications are prepared thoroughly to avoid objections.
  • Enforcement of IP Rights: In cases of infringement, lawyers can provide advice on the most effective actions to take, represent the business in legal proceedings, and negotiate settlements.
  • Compliance and Due Diligence: Businesses can benefit from legal advice to ensure they do not inadvertently infringe upon the intellectual property of others, which is particularly important in industries where overlaps are common.
  • Contractual Agreements: IP lawyers are fundamental for drafting and reviewing licensing agreements, non-disclosure agreements, and other contracts involving the use and sharing of intellectual properties.


For businesses operating in Romania, effectively managing intellectual property rights is fundamental. The landscape of IP law requires attentive management and proactive protection measures to safeguard the intangible assets that often constitute significant corporate value. Securing patents, registering trademarks, copyrighting original works, or protecting trade secrets—all require strategic legal guidance. A Romanian commercial lawyer specializing in IP law can provide the necessary legal support and protection, helping businesses to thrive in Romania’s dynamic market.

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